“Ons Heemecht” was written in 1859 and set to music in 1864. The first performance of the song was on June 5 of that year in Ettelbruck, where the Alzette and Sauer (two rivers mentioned in the opening of the song) meet. It was adopted as the national anthem in 1895, and proclaimed a “national emblem” on June 17, 1993. (The anthem was recently officially named “Ons Heemecht” over the old spelling “Ons Hémécht”.) The official lyrics are verses 1 and 4 of the original work.