Congo, Republic of (1970-1991)


Upon the adoption of a Marxist government, the Republic of Congo changed its name to the People’s Republic of Congo (the former name appears above to link it to the current name) and adopted a new anthem effective Jan. 1, 1970. The “Trois Glorieuses” referred to in the title is a reference to the revolution in the Congo in 1963, where the army, backed by labour groups, overthrew the first president of the country in a three-day popular uprising and is commonly called “Les Trois Glorieuses”. (The term is also appplied to the July 1830 uprising in France, Congo’s former colonial master.)