Vietnam

 

Văn Cao, a noted Vietnamese writer and composer, composed “Tiến quân ca” in 1944 while working for an independentist group. It was published in a newspaper and was well-recieved by the citizens, and was sung often during demonstrations and meetings of the revolutionary council. The provisional government adopted it as the anthem in 1945, becoming the anthem of North Vietnam. In 1976, when unification with South Vietnam occured, “Tiến quân ca” was adopted as the anthem for the entire nation.